Ayers Rock Facts
Ayers Rock is also known as Uluru. It is a large sandstone rock formation located 450km away from Alice Springs in central Australia. Uluru is the largest monolith in the entire world. It is 348 meters high above the sea level and approximately 2.5 kilometers of its mass is believed to be underground. It can be seen from miles around. It is a holy place for the Anangu tribe of Aboriginal people in Australia. It appears red in color most of the time but the actual color of the rock is gray. The red appearance is caused by large amounts of oxidized iron caused by the rock being exposed to the air.
Fast Facts: –
- The Ayers Rock has steep edges and a flat top which is 2.2 miles long and 1.2 miles wide.
- It is estimated to be around 600 million years old.
- The composition of Uluru is 50% feldspar, 25-35% quartz and up to 25% rock fragments.
- It was on the list of the natural World Heritage Sites in the year of 1987 due to its unique geology.
- There are many cave paintings and carvings in the area surrounding Ayers Rock.
- Here, summer temperatures can reach as high as 45°C and winter temperature can range from 4°C to 20°C.
- It is located within the Uluru Kata Tjuta National Park.
- This monolith has a circumference of 9.4 kilometers.
- It can change color during the day depending on how the sun is shining down on it.
- This rock is mainly made up of Arkose. Arkose is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that contains more than 25% of feldspar.
- Ayers Rock has an arid and semi-desert climate.
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