Channel Tunnel is a tunnel below the English Channel at the Strait of Dover. This rail tunnel connects Folkestone, Kent in the United Kingdom to Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais in France. It is also known colloquially as ‘Chunnel’. The work on Channel Tunnel started on December 15, 1987, and it was officially opened on May 6, 1994. It is the 11th longest tunnel in use and also has the longest undersea portion of all the tunnels in the entire world. The average depth of the tunnel is 50 meters below the seabed. Channel Tunnel was included in the list of the seven wonders of the modern world by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
Fast Facts: –
- The first proposal for this tunnel was put forward by a French mining engineer, Albert Mathieu.
- Queen Elizabeth II and the President of France, Francois Mitterrand inaugurated the tunnel by opening it officially.
- Up to 400 trains pass the tunnel daily and they carry more than 50,000 passengers.
- Almost 85% of total car passengers are British.
- There are three different tunnels in the Channel Tunnel. Two are single-track running tunnels and one is service tunnel.
- The diameter of both the running tunnels is 24 feet. Total 11 boring machines were used to dig the tunnel.
- The tunnel is operated by the company Eurotunnel.
- A Formula one driver named John Surtees raced through the tunnel in 2009 for charity.
- It takes approximately 35 minutes to travel the length of the Channel Tunnel.
- This tunnel occasionally causes immigration issues.
- The rubble removed for the construction of the tunnel was turned into a park.
- Total 10 workers were killed during the construction of the Channel Tunnel.
- The deepest point of the tunnel is 250 meters below the surface of the water.
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Declan, Tobin. " Facts for Kids about Channel Tunnel ." Easy Science for Kids, Aug 2017. Web. 19 Aug 2017. < http://easyscienceforkids.com/channel-tunnel/ >.
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