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Flag of French  

After the terrorist attacks in Paris last year many landmarks around the world were lit up in the colors of the French flag. Several social media users have changed their profile photo to show the colors of the French flag to show their solidarity to the people of France.

flag-of-french

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About the Flag of France

Known as the “Le drapeau tricolore” (French Tricolor), the present flag of France has three equal vertical bands of blue, white, and red. These three colours are intricately linked to the history of France. While the colour white represents the Bourbon monarchy, and the red and blue are the colours of the city of Paris.

The French flag has its origin in the liberal ideas of the French Revolution of 1789. The colours and design of the flag owes to Marie Joseph Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, to a great extent. Lafayette was the commander of the National Guard Lafayette had saved George Washington, the first President of the USA, during the American Revolution.

Designed by the famous revolutionary painter Jacques-Louis David, the flag of France was adopted on February 15, 1794 by the French National Convention.

The French flag looks similar to those of Belgium, Cote d’Ivoire, Chad, Ireland, Luxembourg, Italy and Netherlands. Today, the French national flag is hoisted on public buildings.

History of French Flag

France is a very ancient nation. Needless to say, the flag of France has taken different forms over the centuries, depending on who ruled the country. Steeped in history, the French flag goes down in history as one of the world’s most unique flags. The French flag as we know today is being uninterruptedly used as the country’s national flag since 1794 except for a brief period (1814-1830) when the Bourbon monarchy returned to power after the defeat of Napoleon in Battle of Waterloo in 1815. During the period the white flag once began to be used.

The tricolor was restored by Louis-Philippe, who ascended the throne in 1830 after the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in yet another revolution.

The left or hoist side of the flag of France has a stripe in blue, the center stripe is white, and the right side stripe is red. The present colors of the French flag were in the opposite order when they were first adopted in 1790, Blue used to be on the right and red used to be on the left. It was in 1794 that the colors were reversed to the order we find in the modern French flag by the then French revolutionary government.

Significance of the colours of French Flag

White

White is the traditional color of the Bourbon family, which ruled France from the late 16th Century AD until the French Revolution. Though white is also the colour of the Virgin Mary, it is also the color of Joan of Arc, who drove the English from the kingdom of France in the 15th century.

Red and Blue

The red and blue in the French flag are the colours of the city of Paris. It was under a blue and red banner that the revolutionaries famously stormed the Bastille in 1789, which resulted in the overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty.

It is still an enigma why the royal white, representing the Bourbon monarchy, was incorporated into the French Flag.

 

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MLA Style Citation

Declan, Tobin. " French Flag Facts for Kids ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2018. Web. 25 May 2018. < http://easyscienceforkids.com/flag-of-french/ >.

APA Style Citation

Tobin, Declan. (2018). French Flag Facts for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/flag-of-french/

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