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Hagia Sophia  

The name Hagia Sophia means ‘holy wisdom’. It is a dome shaped monument that was originally built as a cathedral. It was built in the 6th century at Constantinople which is now Istanbul, Turkey. This was originally called as Megale Ekklesia that means Great Church. This monument is the symbol of Byzantium in the same way the Eiffel Tower symbolizes Paris. It contains two floors centered on a giant nave. The diameter of this dome is 108 feet and its crown rises about 180 feet. This monument has served as a mosque and a cathedral and now as a museum.

Quick Facts: –

  • This cathedral was dedicated to Logos, the second person in the Holy Trinity on December 25.
  • Hagia Sophia has the second largest dome in the entire world after Patheon in Rome.
  • It was converted in a museum in 1935 by the first President of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
  • The monument was twice destroyed by the riots.
  • The design of Hagia Sophia inspired design of other mosques such as the Blue Mosque of Istanbul and Sultan Ahmed Mosque.
  • The present day museum has both Islamic and Christian influences.
  • Hagia Sophia is also known as the ‘Church of the Holy Wisdom’ or ‘Church of the Divine Wisdom’.
  • The entire construction of this monument took less than six years which led to many problems like collapse of many structures.
  • It is the third church of the Holy Wisdom to have been built on the site.

 

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