Fun & Easy Science for Kids
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India is a vast country with the second largest population in the world. The country includes mountain ranges, dense jungles, arid deserts and fertile farmland. Home to elephants, tropical birds, pythons and rhinos, India is also the only country in the world where both tigers and lions roam.

India is an old civilization and has seen many wars. The country became part of the British Empire from 1858 to 1947. People in India have long been divided into castes, or social ranks, determined at birth. Those lucky enough to be born into an upper caste enjoy a reasonable standard of life. Those born into a lower caste endure poverty and hardship. The caste system is slowly changing as the country’s economic, political and educational conditions improve.

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India currently has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Indians work hard and value education. Many Indians have gained advanced degrees and now have high-paying jobs in software development, research and science. A strong middle class is emerging. Still, most people in rural areas live in extreme poverty.

India  Gate

Fun Facts

  • India is home to 1.24 billion people.
  • The country has 1,269,345 square miles of land.
  • Hinduism is the most common religion, followed by Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
  • Hindi and English are the official languages, although 20 other languages are also spoken.
  • The life expectancy in India is 64 years.


  1. Vast: large, seemingly endless
  2. Population: amount of people living in one place
  3. Dense: thick
  4. Caste: social rank based on birth
  5. Rural: small, country areas known for farming

Learn More

Visit National Geographic to learn more about India.

Extra Credit

Question: What is India’s government system?

Answer: Unlike many countries in Asia, India does not have a religious state. India’s government is a democracy, based on Great Britain’s system of a House and Parliament. The country has elected officials and a separate judiciary system.



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Declan, Tobin. " Fun India facts for kids ." Easy Science for Kids, Mar 2018. Web. 20 Mar 2018. < >.

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