The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers approximately 14% of the Earth’s surface and about 20% of the water on the Earth’s surface. It is also the warmest ocean in the world. Its temperature makes it difficult for Phytoplankton to grow and live in. It has a low oxygen content that is also a big reason for limited sea life. During the 1500s, this ocean was being explored by sailors to find a route around Africa. According to an estimate, approximately 40% of the world’s oil comes from the Indian Ocean.
Quick Facts: –
- The lowest point of this Ocean is located in the Java Trench which is about 7,258 meters deep.
- Suez Canal in Egypt and the Strait of Malacca are the two most well-known waterways in this ocean.
- There is a continent of volcanic origins lies beneath the surface of the Indian Ocean.
- Due to its high temperature, the water of this ocean evaporates at a comparatively higher rate.
- The Indian Ocean is divided into east and west by a 5000 km mountain range named the Ninety East Ridge.
- The water of this ocean has the highest concentration of dissolved and floating hydrocarbons.
- The Indian Ocean receives about 6000 km of river runoff including two of the largest rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra.
- Due to the meeting of polar caps, this ocean actually grows wider by about 20 centimetres every year.
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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Kids Facts about The Indian Ocean ." Easy Science for Kids, May 2018. Web. 25 May 2018. < http://easyscienceforkids.com/indian-ocean/ >.
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Tobin, Declan. (2018). Fun Kids Facts about The Indian Ocean. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/indian-ocean/
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