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Lighthouse of Alexandria  

The Lighthouse of Alexandria is also known as the Pharos of Alexandria. It is the first ever lighthouse in the world. It was also one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The construction of this lighthouse started in 290 BC and took almost 20 years to complete. It was built by the ancient Egyptians. The city Alexandria was named by a king of an ancient Greek kingdom, Alexander the Great. There are total seventeen cities named after him but few of them survived including Alexandria. Alexandria still exists and is a prosperous city.

Quick Facts: –

  • An Egyptian ruler Ptolemy Soter decided to build the Lighthouse of Alexandria to guide sailors into the port.
  • This lighthouse was approximately 450 feet tall with three different levels with each level being atop the other level.
  • There was a tower which has eight sides on the top of the highest level of the structure. This tower was 115 feet tall.
  • It is thought to have been constructed of limestone blocks.
  • Lighthouse of Alexandria was destroyed by the end of 1323 by three earthquakes.
  • The national flag of the City of Alexandria still has the symbol of a lighthouse.
  • At the time of construction, the cost of the structures was 800 talents. Talent was a unit of money at that time.
  • When it was constructed, it was the second tallest building in existence.
  • This lighthouse was the only ancient wonder with some practical purpose.
  • The founder of the City of Alexandria, Alexander the Great died in 323 BC.
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria is the third longest wonder of the world to survive after the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.

 

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Tobin, Declan. (2017). Fun Facts about Lighthouse of Alexandria for Kids. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/lighthouse-of-alexandria/

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