Mountains and Volcanoes
Mountains and Volcanoes are somewhat similar but the major thing that makes them different is their formation. A mountain is formed due to various geological processes like movement and opposition of tectonic plates but a volcano is formed around a vent that allows magma to reach the surface of the earth. It all has to do with plate tectonics.
Formation of a Mountain: –
A mountain is formed by the movement and opposition of tectonic plates. When two of them collide, they form pointed peaks and valleys by crumpling the edges.
Formation of a Volcano: –
A volcano is formed when lava gets collected by after several volcanic eruptions and a vent allows the magma to reach the surface. It forms volcanic stones by cooling down around the vent.
Difference between mountain and volcano: –
- A volcano is a type of mountain but it has magma, v=crater and lava. A mountain does not have these three things.
- Mountains are peaceful area whereas volcanoes are very much dangerous and not a good place to stay.
- Mountains contain water but you will not be able to find any traces of water near a volcano.
- A mountain will surely have an elevation higher than its surroundings but not all volcanoes rise higher than their surroundings.
- Volcanoes can be a part of mountain ranges.
- Kilimanjaro qualifies as both, mountain and volcano.
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Declan, Tobin. " Fun Facts for Kids about Mountains and Volcanoes ." Easy Science for Kids, Sep 2017. Web. 24 Sep 2017. < http://easyscienceforkids.com/mountains-and-volcanoes/ >.
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Tobin, Declan. (2017). Fun Facts for Kids about Mountains and Volcanoes. Easy Science for Kids. Retrieved from http://easyscienceforkids.com/mountains-and-volcanoes/
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