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Space missions to Mars  

In this list are all space missions sent to Mars by different agencies and countries. The order of the list is chronological.

OF THE MISSION Date
Launch
Day/ Month/ Year
AGENCY
SPACE / INSTITUTE
Country Observations
Mars 1960A
Other names:
(Marsnik 1)
(Mars 1M / 1)
(Marsnik 1960A)
(Korabl 4)
10 / 10 / 1960 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union It was the first mission sent to explore Mars. It lost control 5 minutes after takeoff.
Mars 1960b
Other names:
(Marsnik 2)
(Mars 1M / 2)
(Marsnik 1960b)
(Korabl 5)
14 / 10 / 1960 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Identical to the Mars probe 1960A, its goal was to fly over Mars. Failed in the third stage of its launch.
Mars 1962a
Other names:
(Sputnik 22)
(Korabl 11)
24 / 10 / 1962 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union It failed after launch and was destroyed.
Mars 1
Other names:
(1962 Nu Beta 1)
(Sputnik 23)
(Mars 2MV-4)
01 / 11 / 1962 POCKOCMOC Its launch was successful.
Mars 1962b
Other names:
(Sputnik 24)
(Mars 2MV-3)
04 / 11 / 1962 POCKOCMOC It was the first spacecraft designed to land on Mars. It failed after being placed in parking orbit.
Mariner 3 05 / 11 / 1964 NASA United States Failed
Mariner 4 28 / 11 / 1964 NASA United States First probe to successfully fly over Mars
Zond 2 30 / 11 / 1964 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mariner 6 24 / 02 / 1969 NASA United States Successful
Mariner 7 27 / 03 / 1969 NASA Identical to Mariner 6, it was successful
Mars 1969A
Other names:
(Mars 2M No.521)
(M69 Mars No.521)
27 / 03 / 1969 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 1969b
Other names:
(Mars 2M No.522)
(M69 Mars No.522)
02 / 04 / 1969 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mariner 8 08 / 05 / 1971 NASA United States It caught fire 265 seconds after its launch and lost control, falling into the Atlantic Ocean
Kosmos 419 10 / 05 / 1971 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 2
Other names:
(Marsnik 2)
(1971-045A)
19 / 05 / 1971 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 3
Other names:
(Mars 3 orbiter)
(1971-049A)
28 / 05 / 1971 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Sucessful
Mariner 9 30 / 05 / 1971 NASA United states Successful
Mars 4 21 / 07 / 1973 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 5 25 / 07 / 1973 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 6
Other names:
(Marsnik 6)
(1973-052A)
15 / 08 / 1973 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars 7 09 / 08 / 1973 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Viking 1 20 / 08 / 1975 NASA United States Successful
Viking 2 09 / 09 / 1975 NASA United States Successful
Phobos 1 07 / 07 / 1988 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Phobos 2 12 / 07 / 1988 POCKOCMOC Soviet Union Failed
Mars Observer 25 / 09 / 1992 NASA United States Failed
Mars Global Surveyor 07 / 11 / 1996 NASA United States Successful
Mars 96 Mars 96
16 / 11 / 1996
POCKOCMOC Russia Failure
Mars Pathfinder 04 / 12 / 1996 NASA United States Successful
Sojourner 4/12/1996 NASA United States Successful
Nozomi (Planeta-B) 03 / 07 / 1998 JAXA Japan Failed
Mars climate Orbiter 11 / 12 / 1998 NASA United States Failed
Mars Polar Lander 03 / 01 / 1999 NASA United States Failed
Deep Space 2 3/01/1999 NASA United States Failed
Mars Odyssey 07 / 04 / 2001 NASA United States Still operational
Mars Express 02 / 06 / 2003 ESA Europe Still operational
Beagle 2 02/06/2003 ESA Europe Failure
Spirit 10 / 07 / 2003 NASA United States Successful
Opportunity 07 / 07 / 2003 NASA United States Still Operational
Rosetta 02 / 03 / 2004 ESA Europe Successful
Mars Reconnaissance
Orbiter
12 / 08 / 2005 NASA United States Still Operational
Phoenix 04 / 08 / 2007 NASA United States Successful
Dawn 27 / 08 / 2007 NASA United States Successful
Fobos-Grunt 08/11/2007 Roskosmos Russia Failed
Yinghuo-1 08 / 11 / 2011 CNSA China Failed
Mars Science Laboratory
Other Name
Curiosity
25 / 11 / 2011 NASA United States Still operational
Mars Orbiter Mission
Other Name
Mangalyaan
05 / 11 / 2013 ISRO India Still Operational
MAVEN 18 / 11 / 2013 NASA United States Still Operational
 

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