When you imagine Africa, what do you picture? Grasslands where lions and giraffes roam? Perhaps dense jungles or deserts? Native people raising crops and animals? Algeria has more in common with Arab countries than it does with most countries in Africa. Most people who live here are either Arab or Berber and Islam is the official religion.
Algeria is in northern Africa on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its neighbors include Morocco and Tunisia to the north and Libya, Niger and Mali to the east and south. The Sahara Desert covers much of Algeria and most of the people live in the coastal plains near the Mediterranean Sea. Across the Mediterranean Sea lie Italy and Spain.
France ruled Algeria for many years until an uprising that lasted from 1954 to 1962. During this time over 1 million people died. The country has rich oil and natural gas reserves, but it remains poor today. Muslims are unhappy with the government and often have conflicts. Electricity and clean water is not always available.
Fun Facts about Algeria for Kids
- 32,814,000 people live in Algeria.
- The country has 919,595 square miles.
- People here speak Arabic, Berber or French.
- Islam is the official religion. It is illegal to teach people (proselyte) about other religions.
- People in Nigeria can expect to live 70 years.
- 70 percent of adults can read. More men than women can read because women have traditionally been encouraged to stay home, rather than attend school.
- Dense: thick
- Coastal: near the sea
- Uprising: rebellion, war
- Proselyte: teach about religion
All About Algeria Video for Kids
Watch this awesome Algeria video for kids:
This is a video presentation of the basic facts and history of Algeria.
Question: What is the food like in Algeria?
Answer: The national food of Algeria is couscous, tiny pasta balls made from semolina wheat flour. Couscous can be served with onions, peppers, raisins and spicy seasonings or it can be served as a sweet dish with honey and cinnamon.
Map of Algeria
Here’s a map of the country of Algeria and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Algeria! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Algeria, as though you are actually there!