Guatemala has 30 volcanoes – three of which are still active. Many people live in the mountains, where it is cool and rainy. Others live along the coastline. People in Guatemala grow coffee, bananas and other crops. Most people live in small, isolated villages. They may not have running water or electricity.
Ancient Maya civilizations built elaborate cities. When the Spanish came, they forced the descendants of the Mayas to work on large plantations. The country has had many wars because the native people felt they were being treated unfairly.
Fun Facts about Guatemala for Kids
- 13,677,000 people live in Guatemala.
- Guatemala has 41,846 square miles of land.
- The official language is Spanish.
- 69 percent of adults can read.
- People in Guatemala can expect to live 64 years.
- Coastline: bordering the ocean
- Isolated: remote, far away; difficult to reach
- Village: small settlement
- Elaborate: complex
- Plantation: large farm
All About Guatemala Video for Kids
This is the best video we found for kids to learn about Guatemala:
This is a video documentary about the environment, geography and culture of Guatemala.
Question: Are children affected by the wars?
Answer: During the last civil war in Guatemala, 200,000 children were orphaned. Many of these children left their villages and traveled to Guatemala City to get jobs. Today, children still leave their homes because they are abused and hungry. They live on the streets in Guatemala City. Many sell trash or beg for food. Several organizations have built schools to take care of these children.
Map of Guatemala
Here’s a map of the country of Guatemala and all its cities and villages. Zoom in to get into street level or zoom out to see other countries around Guatemala! You can see the terrain, but also see the roads, images of the buildings and even take a 3D tour through the streets of the cities of Guatemala, as though you are actually there!