The Arc de Triomphe is one of the most iconic monuments in Paris. It is one of the world’s best-known commemorative monuments. The Arc’s construction was ordered by Napoleon Bonaparte, the French Emperor in 1806. It was completed in 1836 and the total cost was 9.3 million French francs.
It was officially opened on July 29, 1836. It was designed by renowned French architect, Jean Chalgrin. In 1811, Jean-Nicolas Huyot was commissioned to complete the work after Chalgrin’s death.
Quick Facts: –
- The Arc de Triomphe was built to honor of those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic War.
- It is the second-largest triumphal arch standing today. It stands 50 meters in height, 45 meters wide and 22 meters
- The ceiling of the arc is decorated with sculpted roses.
- The Grave of the Unknown Soldiers is located at the foot of the monument. It was added to honor the memory of those who died during World War I.
- In 1923, a flame of remembrance was first lit and it is rekindled every evening so that it will never go out.
- The design of this monument was inspired by the Arch of Titus, a Roman marble triumphal arch.
- There are four reliefs on each of its pillars representing the values and virtues of the French armed forces.
- The four main sculptural groups on the pillars are ; Le Depart de 1792, Le Triomphe de 1810, La Resistance de 1814 and La Paix de 1815.
- The names of all French victories and generals are inscribed on the inner and outer surfaces of the structure.