Arkansas River is the sixth longest river in the United States with a length of 1,469 miles. This river begins in the states of Colorado and flowing through the states of Kansas and Oklahoma and then into the Mississippi River in Arkansas. It flows generally east-south-eastward. Its major tributaries include the Canadian River, the Cimarron River, and the Salt Fork Arkansas River.
The drainage basin of the river covers approximately 161,000 square miles. In the narratives of the Coronado Expedition of 1540-1541, the river was given the name “St. Peter’s and St. Paul’s River.”
Quick Facts: –
- The Arkansas River is the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system.
- Earlier, several groups of Native Americans lived along this river before it was discovered by Europeans.
- These Native American tribes include Apache, Ute, Arapahoe, Cheyenne and Kiowa.
- The water flow in the river has diminished over the years as the flow has been diverted for irrigation purposes.
- The first white explorer to enter the region was Lt. Zebulon Pike.
- Evidence of first human interaction with the river dates back approximately 10,000 years.
- This river is known for its exceptional trout fishing. It is dominated by the Brown and Rainbow Trout.
- Its channel is wide and relatively shallow. It flows through a dry area which gets irrigated.
- This river is believed to have been crossed by the Spanish explorer Francisco Vazquez de Coronado in 1541.