The Bering Sea is a marginal sea located in the Pacific Ocean. It covers an area of 770,000 square miles. It was named after a Danish navigator named Vitus Bering, who was the first European to explore its waters, in 1728. The middle of this sea is known as the ‘Donut’ hole. It has slightly saline water.
The deeper you go into the sea, the higher salinity level will be. It is home to an enormous number of wildlife including the North Pacific right whale, the rarest whale species in the world.
Quick Facts: –
- There are various different regions in the Bering Sea. Some of them are Norton Sound, the Gulf of Anadyr, Bristol Bay, and Bering Strait.
- It is an important commercial fishing location as it produces roughly $1 billion worth of seafood for the United States alone.
- This sea is also rich in floating plant life. The floating plant life boasts of over 160 species.
- Seabirds that breed along this region include tufted puffins, short-tailed albatross, red-legged kittiwakes, and the spectacled eider.
- The Bering Sea draws a major part of its waters from the Pacific Ocean.
- The northern Bering Sea and the Bering Strait region, gets covered in sea ice seasonally.
- The United States-Russian boundary extends through the Bering Strait.
- This region’s ecosystem includes resources belonging to the United States and Russia, as well as international waters in the middle of the sea.
- It is believed that in early times, this sea was so shallow once that humans were able to migrate on foot from Asia to North America.