Bats are mammals that fly. There are about 1,100 known species of these nocturnal creatures and out of them only 3 are vampire bat species. They generally live in caves with thousands of other bats but a few of them live by themselves. They feed on insects, fruits, blood of other animals. They can live for more than 20 years. The largest bat in the world is Pteropus bat or flying fox.
Facts you didn’t know: –
- Their scientific name ‘Chiroptera’ has been derived from Greek words cheir, means hand and pteron, means wing.
- They can easily see in dark by using echolocation. In this skill, they make high frequency noises and wait for the sound waves to bounce back.
- They can easily get to know about the distance of object by the time taken by the sound wave in bouncing back.
- Bats are the only flying mammals and also the only mammals to feed on blood. They do not suck blood. They just lick the blood from the wound made by their bite.
- They can fly at a speed of 60 mph.
- They can be found everywhere on the earth except the extreme deserts and the Polar Regions.
- Their droppings, known as Guano work as rich fertilizers because it has high levels of phosphorus and nitrogen.
- Their gestation period depends on their size. It ranges between 40 days to 6 months. And they give birth to one pup at once.
- These mammals have the slowest reproduction on the earth.
- On the basis of size, they are divided into two orders: – Large bats are Megachiroptera and smaller bats are Microchiroptera.
- The Malayan flying fox is the one with a huge appetite. It can consume almost half of its body weight in one day.
- The world’s most endangered bat is Bulmer’s fruit bat.
- Bats carry rabies with their pointed teeth. Their bite is not deadly for humans.
- They generally sleep and rest upside down.