Carl Sagan was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, author and researcher. He was born on November 9, 1934, in New York City. He received his bachelor’s and master’s degree in physics in 1955 and 1956 from the University of Chicago. He was just 22 years old at that time.
He worked as a lecturer and researcher at Harvard University until 1968 and then joined Cornell University where he remained until 1981. In 1968, he was also named director of Cornell’s Laboratory for Planetary Studies.
Quick Facts: –
- When Carl was five years old, he attended the World’s Fair in 1939 and became fascinated with the burial of a time capsule.
- Carl Sagan has written more than 20 books about space and the universe.
- He helped in the development of an infrared radiometer for NASA’s robotic probe Mariner 2.
- He also helped NASA with United States space missions to Venus, Mars, and Jupiter.
- Carl was responsible for the gold disc that was attached to the Pioneer 10 space probe.
- In 1960, he became a Miller Fellow at UC-Berkley and then took a position at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
- Sagan co-founded an international non-profit organization, the Planetary Society which focused on space exploration.
- In 1994, he received the Public Welfare Medal which is the highest award of the National Academy of Sciences.
- Carl Sagan died on December 20, 1996 because of pneumonia. He was 62 years old at that time.