Cotopaxi National Park is located in Ecuador‘s Cotopaxi province, Pichincha Province, and Napo Province. It is named after the Cotopaxi Volcano which is located within this park’s boundaries. It is one of the world’s highest active volcano with an elevation of 5,897 meters above sea level.
It is also the second highest point in Ecuador which makes it one of the most popular climbing sites in the country. This national park is also home to Sincholagua Volcano and Ruminawi Volcano. It has a glacial climate.
Quick Facts: –
- Alexander von Humboldt was the first European to attempt an ascent of Mount Cotopaxi.
- The Cotopaxi National Park encompasses an area of 33,393 hectares.
- Mount Cotopaxi has an almost perfectly symmetrical cone with an interrupting minor cone known as the Cabeza Del Inca.
- The most recent significant eruption took place in 1904 and two minor eruptions also occurred in 1940 and 2015.
- The mountain is formed from alternating flows of dark-colored trachytic lava and falls of lighter-colored ash.
- The crater at the top of the volcano is 2,300 feet in diameter from north to south and 1,650 feet from east to west.
- Since 1738, Mount Cotopaxi has erupted more than fifty times. The most violent eruptions took place in 1744, 1768, 1877 and 1904.
- Native fauna of the Cotopaxi National Park includes pumas, bears, rabbits, wolves, condors, wild horses and foxes etc.
- Every weekend, approximately 100 people attempt to climb the summit of this volcano.