Enrico Fermi was an American-Italian physicist. He was born on September 29, 1901 in Rome, Italy. He is referred to as the ‘father of the atomic bomb’. He received his early education from a local grammar school and at a young age developed a great interest in physics and mathematics.
During his teenage years he would spend his free time building electric motors and played with electrical and mechanical tools. Fermi also worked on the top-secret Manhattan Project to develop the first atomic bomb. In 1938, He won Nobel Prize for his work on artificial radioactivity.
Fast Facts: –
- Enrico Fermi submitted his thesis “a theorem on probability and some of its applications” in 1922.
- He received his doctorate in the same year from the University of Pisa and then returned to Rome.
- One of his major discoveries, quantum statistics was published in 1926. Now, it is known as Fermi-Dirac statistics.
- He was appointed a member of the Royal academy of Italy by Benito Mussolini on March 18, 1929.
- In 1939, he was appointed as the professor of physics at Columbia University, New York.
- Fermi was the first to warn the U.S. military about the effects of nuclear energy in March 1939.
- He was the first man to create a prototype of a nuclear reactor and it earned him a nickname ‘Pope Physicist’.
- He has an element, Fermium named in his honour.
- Enrico Fermi was the first person to realize the enormous amount of nuclear energy in the famous Einstein equation, e = mc2.
- Fermi died of incurable stomach cancer on November 28, 1954 at his home in Chicago, Illinois.