The Forbidden City in China is one of the best preserved medieval building complexes in the world. It consists of 980 buildings and covers an area of 720,000 square meters. It has a ceremonial Outer Court and a residential Inner Court. It is the world’s largest imperial palace. It was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
It served as the home to 24 emperors, 14 of the Ming Dynasty and 10 of the Qing Dynasty. It is also home to the Palace Museum which is one of the biggest museums in the world. This museum houses a total of 1.17 million pieces of art.
Quick Facts: –
- Construction of the Forbidden City started in 1406 under Zhu Di. It took 14 years to finish.
- It is rectangular in shape and measures 961 meters north to south and 753 meters east to west.
- It is surrounded by a 7.9 meters high, 6 meters deep and 52 meters wide walls.
- About 90% of the roofs have yellow tiles on them as it was the official color for Chinese Emperors.
- It is home to many artefacts including porcelain and jade, gardens, plazas, historic sites etc.
- The Forbidden City was the seat of the Ming Dynasty from 1420 to 1644.
- The only entrance for visitors is the southern gate which is known as the Meridian Gate.
- The Hall of Supreme Harmony is the largest hall in the entire building complex and also the largest surviving wooden structure in China.
- The Palace of Heavenly Purity is the largest hall of the Inner Court. It served as the residence of Emperors in Ming Dynasty.