The Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest of all three of Giza’s famed pyramids located in Egypt. These pyramids and their elaborate burial complexes were built during a frenetic period of construction, from roughly 2550 to 2490 B.C.
The Great Pyramid was built by Pharaoh Khufu. He was the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty and son of Sneferu and Hetepheres I. The pyramid includes tombs for Khufu’s wives, a mortuary temple, valley temple, boat pits, and a causeway.
Quick Facts: –
- The Great Pyramid of Giza has shrunk by about 25 feet because of 3,800 years of erosion.
- At the time of construction, it was 481 feet tall but today stands only about 455 feet tall.
- Approximately 2.3 million stone blocks were used to build the pyramid.
- It once held all the treasures that Khufu could take with him to the afterlife.
- The pyramid is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu because it was built for Khufu.
- The total surface area is 22 acres as each side of the pyramid covers an area of 5.5 acres.
- When the pyramid was built, the entire structure was covered with well polished limestone.
- The Great Pyramid is the only pyramid in world to have slight concave faces on all four sides.
- The temperature is maintained at 20 degrees Celsius or 68 degrees Fahrenheit inside the pyramid.
- This pyramid sits right on top of center of the earth’s land mass or Earth’s geographical center.
- The Pyramid is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.