Gulf of Aden


The Gulf of Aden is a deepwater basin that forms a natural sea link between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. This gulf is part of a complex water structure. It is named for the seaport of Aden, in southern Yemen.

It is also referred to as the Gulf of Berbera, which originates from the name of the city Berbera. More than 20,000 ships cross the gulf every year. Its main ports include Bosaso, Zeila, Berbera, Yemen, and Djibouti City etc.


Quick Facts: –

  • The Gulf of Aden is situated between the coasts of Arabia and the Horn of Africa.
  • The marine life of this gulf is rich in both the quantity and the variety of its species. These fishes include dolphin, tuna, billfish, and sharks.
  • It also provides a breeding ground for sea turtles.
  • The surface temperature of the Gulf of Aden ranges between 77 and 88 °F.
  • Aden has been the chief entrepot and trading center of S Arabia since ancient times.
  • Aden was granted a legislative council in 1944 and later received other rights of self-government.
  • The flow pattern of the gulf is complicated by monsoon winds, eddies and a surface layer with high salinity.
  • The coastline supports many isolated fishing towns and villages despite a lack of large-scale commercial fishing facilities.
  • Countries bordering the Gulf of Aden include Yemen, Djibouti, Somaliland, and Somalia.
  • The gulf provides an outlet to the west for Persian Gulf Oil. It has become one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes.