The Harlem Renaissance was a period in African American history when art, literature, and music flourished. This movement peaked in the 1920s. The African American movement in America from the South to the North and Midwest was the major cause of Harlem Renaissance.
The Great Migration was a term used for this movement. Although this movement was centered and named after the Harlem neighborhood in Manhattan it had a nationwide effect. It was also known as ‘The New Negro Movement’ and encouraged African Americans to celebrate the heritage.
Quick Facts: –
- Jazz was the most famous music that African American people produced. Until the present day, it is highly appreciated.
- Washington, E.B. Dubois, and Marcus Garvey were the black people who laid the foundation for the politics.
- The main purpose of the Harlem Renaissance movement was to stress on the aesthetic value of black American people.
- E.B. Du Bois was considered as the dominant black intellectual of the period.
- Harlem Renaissance was declined after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and faded due to the Great Depression.
- This movement inspired an explosion of cultural pride and was considered as a new beginning for African American.
- Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, and Nella Larsen were some of the African American writers during that era.
- Literary icon Langston Hughes was the first African American to earn a living as a writer in the era.