Indian Ocean

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The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers approximately 14% of the Earth’s surface and about 20% of the water on the Earth’s surface. It is also the warmest ocean in the world. Its temperature makes it difficult for Phytoplankton to grow and live in.

It has low oxygen content and that is also a big reason for limited sea life. During the 1500s, the ocean was explored by sailors to find a route around Africa. According to an estimate, approximately 40% of the world’s oil comes from the Indian Ocean.

 

Quick Facts: –

  • The lowest point of this Ocean is located in the Java Trench which is about 7,258 meters deep.
  • Suez Canal in Egypt and the Strait of Malacca are the two most well-known waterways in the ocean.
  • There is a continent of volcanic origins that lies beneath the surface of the Indian Ocean.
  • Due to its high temperature, the ocean water evaporates at a comparatively higher rate.
  • The Indian Ocean is divided into east and west by a 5,000 km mountain range named the Ninety East Ridge.
  • The ocean water has the highest concentration of dissolved and floating hydrocarbons.
  • The Indian Ocean receives about 6000 km of river runoff including two of the largest rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra.
  • Due to the meeting of polar caps, this ocean actually grows wider by about 20 centimetres every year.