All about Nile River
The Nile River is the largest river in the world with an approximate length of 6,670 kilometres. It flows from the high mountains in the middle regions of Africa north to the Nile Delta. This river passes through 11 countries including Kenya, Congo, Egypt, Sudan, Uganda etc. and eventually drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
There are two major branches of the river which are the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The two major sources of the Nile River are Lake Victoria and Lake Tana which respectively feed the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
Fast Facts: –
- In 1970, the Aswan High Dam was built to control the yearly flooding of the river.
- The average discharge of the Nile River is 680,000 gallons each second.
- Near the Mediterranean Sea, the river splits into two branches, the Rosetta Branch and the Damietta Branch.
- The Nile Basin is very large and it includes areas in Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo, and Tanzania.
- Both the main Nile branches which are White Nile and Blue Nile join at Khartoum, Sudan.
- Many Parts of the Niles’ banks are full of crocodiles. Nile Crocodiles are the biggest in Africa.
- This river also serves as a major source of travelling. During the flood season, road transportation becomes impossible in many areas along the water.
- In 1787, the famous Rosetta stone was found in the delta of Nile River in the city of Rosetta.
- The Ancient Egyptian Civilization was dependent on the Nile River for drinking water, food, trade and transportation.