Menorca is one of the lesser-known islands of the Balearic group in Spain. It was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1993 because of the diversity of its landscapes, flora and fauna. This island is very rich in culture and beauty.
On the basis of size, it is the second biggest of the Balearic Islands and the third biggest on the basis of population. Menorca’s coastline is made of shallow beaches, and a palette of colors ranging from deep blue to bright turquoise.
Quick Facts: –
- Menorca Island is encircled by a 116 mile long ancient coastal bridleway named as Cami de Cavalls.
- This island is home to approximately 1000 species of plant and 60 of them are endemic.
- Es Castell is the first town in Spain to see the sunrise. It is located on the eastern tip of this island.
- The average temperature throughout the year is 17°C but it can reach up to mid thirties during the summer season.
- The Phoenicians were the first recorded visitors to the Menorca Island followed by Greek traders.
- Over the course of its history, the island has been occupied by many empires including the Moors, the Spanish and the British.
- It is believed that mayonnaise was first created in the Menorcan town of Mahon in the mid 1700s during the French occupation.
- It is home to the Naveta des Tudons which is an ancient collective grave, and also the oldest roofed building in Europe.