North Carolina was home to native people long before Europeans arrived. During the Trail of Tears, a forced migration during the 18th century, some Cherokees hid in the western hills of North Carolina to avoid losing their homes. Their descendants still live here today, carrying on traditional handicrafts and culture.
- North Carolina has a mild climate, although it is prone to fall hurricanes. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
- One of the earliest English colonies, the Roanoke Colony, disappeared in 1590 without a trace. John White, governor of the colony, sailed back to England for supplies in 1587, but when he returned three years later, the colony was gone. Researchers think the group might have joined native people—or been killed by them.
- North Carolina joined the Confederacy in 1861; it supplied more men and equipment during the Civil War than any other southern state.
- Basketball is a favorite pastime and sport in North Carolina.
- Asheville’s Bittmore estate, owned by the Vanderbilt family, is the largest mansion in the U.S.
- The Wright brothers made the first successful airplane flight in Kitty Hawk in 1903.
- Krispy Kreme Donuts began in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
- North Carolina has more than 300 miles of beautiful beaches.
- More sweet potatoes grow in North Carolina than in any other state.
- North Carolina has many forests and produces beautiful furniture and hardwood floors.
North Carolina Quick Stats
State capital: Raleigh (population, 403,892)
Largest city: Charlotte (population, 731,424)
State bird: cardinal
State flower: flowering dogwood
Questions and Answers
Question: Besides Krispy Kreme donuts and sweet potatoes, what other foods is North Carolina known for?
Answer: Pepsi was invented in North Carolina.
Watch a short video about North Carolina.