The Olympic National Park was established on June 29, 1938, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is located in the state of Washington, on the Olympic Peninsula. This national park covers an area of 373,383 hectares.
It became an International Biosphere Reserve in 1976 and in 1981 it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Approximately 95% of this park was designated as the Olympic Wilderness in 1988.
Quick Facts: –
- The Olympic National Park is home to the Hoh Rain Forest which is one of the few temperate rainforests in the world.
- There are 3 distinct ecosystems in this national park. They are sub-alpine forest and wildflower meadow, temperate forest, and the rugged Pacific Shore.
- Mount Olympus is the highest peak in the national park at an elevation of 7980 feet. It is the crown jewel of the Olympic Mountains.
- On average, the Hoh Rain Forest receives twelve feet of rain in a year.
- There are tide pools left from retreating waves on the shoreline. They are home to hundreds of colorful marine species.
- Lake Crescent is located in the foothill of the Olympic Mountain. This lake is known for its blue and clear waters.
- The Mount Olympus National Monument was originally created by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt on 2 March 1909.
- The Hurricane Ridge is the most easily accessed mountain area within the National Park.
- The park is visited by approximately three million people in a year.