The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean on earth and it covers more than 30% of the earth’s surface. This ocean accounts for approximately 46% of the earth’s water surface area. It extends from Asia and Australia to the Americas and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to Antarctica in the south.
The Pacific was the last ocean discovered by Europeans. It is also the deepest with the deepest trenches. The average depth is about 3,800 meters per 12,467 feet. The plant life found within the sea is as diverse as the ocean itself.
Quick Facts: –
- There are more than 25,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean and most of them are found in the Southern Pacific.
- New Guinea is one of them. It is the second largest island in the world.
- There are four basic types of islands which are continental, high, coral reefs, and uplifted coral platforms.
- The Ring of Fire is located in the Pacific Ocean. 75% of the world’s active volcanoes are located in this region.
- Mariana Trench is the deepest ocean trench with a depth of 11,034 meters. It is located in the Pacific.
- There are total 55 countries bordering this ocean including Canada, the US, Japan, China, Australia, Mexico etc.
- The temperature of waters depends on the location. The area near to equator is warmer.
- There is a volcanic island called Krakatoa. In 1883, it erupted and killed approximately 36,380 people.
- The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth. It is also located in the Pacific.