Socrates was one of the most famous philosophers of his time. He is also known as ‘the father is Western thought’. He was born in Athens, Greece around 470 BC. His father Sophroniscus was a sculptor and stone mason. His mother Phaenarete was a midwife. He received basic Greek education as he was not a nobleman.
Socrates learned his father’s skills and practiced for many years. He had to serve in the military during the Peloponnesian War. He showed great physical endurance and courage. He was famous for his method of argumentation. This method begins with commonplace questions.
Quick Facts: –
- His work was not focused on the universe. His focus was more on ethical questions.
- He did not believe in a theological doctrine.
- All we know about him was recorded by his disciples Plato, Aristophanes, and Xenophon.
- Socrates had a short and stocky stature with a snub nose and bulging eyes.
- He married a younger woman named Xanthippe. They had three children Menexenus, Lamprocles, and Sophroniscus.
- According to Xenophon’s writings, Xanthippe was not happy with Socrates being a philosopher.
- Socrates avoided political involvement where and when he could.
- He believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society.
- He was found guilty after being put on a trial for his radical thoughts on philosophy.
- He was sentenced to death by Hemlock poisoning.