South China Sea


South China Sea is a large body of water located in the western arm of the Pacific Ocean, south of China. It is one of the world’s busiest waterways. It runs from Singapore to the Taiwan Strait covering an area of around 3,500,000 square kilometers.

After the five oceans of the world, it is the largest sea. It is bordered by southern China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo Island, and mainland Southeast Asia.


Quick Facts: –

  • It is believed that the South China Sea was created approximately 45 million years ago.
  • Approximately 30 percent of the entire world’s coral reef is located in this sea.
  • Marine Life of this sea includes giant oysters, sharks, eels, and endangered sea turtles etc.
  • There are more than 250 small islands within the South China Sea and many of them are uninhabited.
  • Many rivers flow directly into this sea including Jiulong River, Rajang River, Pearl River, Mekong River, Pasig River, Min River and Pampanga River.
  • This sea also accounts for 10 percent of the world’s fisheries but overfishing has depleted the fishing reserves.
  • The South China Sea is the largest marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean.
  • Around the southern basin annual rainfall varies from about 80 inches to more than 120 inches.
  • The exchange of water between this sea and adjacent water bodies is controlled by Monsoon.
  • The chief arms of this sea are the Gulf of Tonkin and Gulf of Thailand.