The Apollo program was a set of missions by NASA to land humans on the Moon and also bring them back on the Earth safely. These missions are one of the most expansive government initiatives in American history.
There was a total of 11 Apollo flights and the first one was Apollo 7 in 1968. It tested the Command Module. Before that, from 1961 to 1968, the components of the Apollo Spacecraft were tested in unmanned flights. The Apollo Program followed Projects Mercury and Gemini.
Quick Facts: –
- The crew of Apollo 7 included Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele and Walter Cunningham. They won an Emmy Award.
- Apollo 8 was the first ever Apollo Mission to orbit the moon. It was manned by Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders.
- Apollo 8 was also the first manned mission to the moon. However, it did not land on the moon.
- The first moon landing took place in 1969. It was done by Apollo 11 mission and the crew included Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin.
- Total Six of the 11 Apollo missions were able to land humans on the Moon and also bring them back on the Earth safely.
- The Apollo Program employed nearly half a million people and an approximate budget was $98 billion.
- President John F. Kennedy floated the idea of a joint U.S.-Soviet moon mission.
- NASA quarantined the astronauts after the few first moon missions.
- The crew of Apollo 15 left a work of art on the moon. It was an aluminum sculpture called ‘Fallen Astronaut’.