Yenisei River is the largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean measuring 2,540 miles long. It measures 3,420 miles in length when combined with its major tributary the Angara. In terms of discharge, it is the sixth largest river in the world. The drainage basin of the river covers an area of approximately 2.5 million square kilometers.
The average depth of the river is 14 meters. Yenisei River rises in the eastern slopes of the Khangai mountain range in central Mongolia and flowing northwards it eventually empties into the Kara Sea which is part of the Arctic Ocean.
Quick Facts: –
- Yenisei River supports more than 50 different fish species.
- This river is a great source of hydroelectric power. A huge oil refinery is located 30 miles downstream from Irkutsk.
- The Krasnoyarsk Dam was completed in 1972 and supplies power to an aluminium manufacturing plant.
- A large portion of the Yenisei River remains frozen over much of the year.
- The upper course of the river is turbulent having many rapids.
- The Yenisei’s entire length was navigated in September 2001 by an Australian-Canadian team for the first time.
- This river’s major headwater tributary Angara River drains the Lake Baikal.
- Earlier, the Yenisei River region was inhabited by the ancient nomadic tribes of the Yugh and Ket People.
- A large part of the river is covered with taiga flora which is mainly comprised by coniferous trees.
- Approximately 500 other rivers are flowing into this river and feeding it with their waters.