Creamy, delicious yogurt is also packed with nutrition. Depending on the brand, yogurt is a good source of protein, vitamin D, and calcium. These nutrients help build strong muscles and bones and provide energy. Read the label, though. A lot of the yogurt products made for kids are loaded with sugar and food coloring.
- Yogurt is milk that’s been fermented, or heated and mixed with bacteria. This bacteria — Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles – is good for your body and your digestion system and can help you stay healthy.
- Greek yogurt is just regular yogurt that’s been strained. It contains more protein than regular yogurt and has a thicker texture.
- Icelandic yogurt is even thicker than Greek yogurt and has even more protein. Kefir isn’t really yogurt at all. It contains different types of bacteria and yeast.
- Yogurt contains lots of ingredients besides milk. It might be flavored with fruit puree, chocolate, sugar, vanilla, or honey. Starch, pectin, or gelatin is sometimes added to thicken it.
- Look for yogurt that says “Live and Active Cultures.” This means the bacteria hasn’t been killed by a second heating. It might also mean the manufacturer has added bacteria.
- Bacteria: tiny organisms, some of which can make us sick
- Strain: to remove the liquid
- Puree: to finely mash a food
Questions and Answers
Question: Who invented yogurt?
Answer: Neolithic herdsmen living in Central Asia probably discovered yogurt by accident when milk curdled and thickened. It is said that Genghis Kahn and his warriors lived on yogurt. Isaac Carasso began selling yogurt in Barcelona, Spain in 1920. His company ‘Danone’ was named for his son. Dannon Yogurt is still one of the largest yogurt companies in the world.
You can make yogurt at home. Learn how.
Learn more about Isaac Carasso, the first commercial yogurt maker.