Yosemite National Park includes the Yosemite Valley and many of the surrounding mountains stretching across the Sierra Nevada mountain range. The national park covers an area more than 3,000 square kilometers. Researchers believe that a glacier formed the Yosemite Valley.
It is located in California, US. Before becoming a national park, it had been home to the Ahwaneechee Native Americans for about 4,000 years. Yosemite National Park is also home to Yosemite Falls. It is the tallest waterfall in North America and has a 2,425 feet drop.
It is made up of three different sections the Upper Yosemite Fall, the Middle Cascades and the Lower Yosemite Fall.
Quick Facts: –
- The Yosemite Land Grant was signed on June 30, 1864, by President Abraham Lincoln.
- In 1984, The Yosemite National Park was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- This national park has five different planting zones.
- Yosemite is one of the few places where you can see a rainbow even at night.
- The Yosemite Valley serves as the base for seven major waterfalls. It also holds giant sequoia trees that are estimated to be 3,000 years old and four large meadow areas.
- Giant Sequoia trees are the biggest living things on the planet.
- The valley has a total of four different campgrounds that are Upper Pines, Lower Pines, North Pines and Camp 4.
- It was established in 1890 and that makes it one of the oldest nature preserves in the United States.
- The park is also home to El Capitan which is the largest exposed granite monolith in the world.
- Yosemite has plenty of wildlife roaming around the park such as: Black Bears, Coyote, Bobcats, Bighorn Sheep, Mule Deer and Chipmunks.
- There is plenty of bird wildlife on show, if you are lucky enough you might see Bald Eagles and Golden Eagles in the park.
- The climate in the park is Mediterranean.
- Over 4 million visitors traveled to the park in 2017.
- Mirror Lake once filled the entire Yosemite Valley but now is only a classed as a small seasonal lake.
- Back in 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt spend a few nights camping in the park.
- The Brown Bear is now extinct in the park.
- Yosemite National Park has an elevation that goes from 2,000 ft to over 13,000 ft.
- There is a rock formation called the “Half Dome”. It is a granite dome with a max height of 1,444 m.