Castles can be defined as large, strong buildings that where built in the past by a ruler or some other important person to save people from attacks and also to display the wealth and rank of the owner. The biggest castle in the world is Prague Castle, the castle in Prague measures about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters wide. Windsor Castle in the United Kingdom is the oldest still occupied European Castle. It is occupied by Queen Elizabeth II. These fortified structures were first built in Europe and the Middle East.
Quick Facts: –
- Castles were often built on hilltops or surrounded by water to make them easier to defend.
- They always had stairs that turned clockwise as the idea was incoming siegers would ascend the stairs and be given a huge disadvantage in the way of their sword arm.
- Castles served two main purposes, firstly as a home and secondly as a fortress.
- They were initially built from wood and they were motte-and-bailey styled constructions.
- A castle was surrounded by a ring of water called a moat. If anyone wanted to cross it they used drawbridges.
- A castle did not have toilets. Waste products were removed in rooms called garderobes, with holes that led out of the castle into moats.
- The most important part of the Motte and Bailey castle was the Keep. It was built on a huge mound.
- The structure of the building was protected by solid thick walls and towers.
- The average time to construct a castle is about 10 years.
- Europe was a home of 100 thousand castles. The majority of them are now gone.