Cloning is a set of processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of any biological entity including genes, cells, tissues and even entire organisms. The copy is known as the clone. The cloning process may make it possible to save endangered species of animals from being extinct.
The process of taking a clipping of a plant and growing it into a new plant is also a form of cloning. People have been doing this since the beginning of agriculture. Dolly, a sheep was the first ever successfully cloned animal. Dolly was born in 1996, in Edinburgh, Scotland, at the Roslin Institute under the guidance of Ian Wilmut.
Quick Facts: –
- Clones do not have a biological mother or father because they come from a sexual reproduction.
- There are three different types of artificial cloning which are the gene, reproductive and therapeutic cloning.
- Contrary to popular belief, a clone is not an exact copy of its DNA donor.
- Cloned animals age faster than normal, original animals.
- Despite years of research, over 95% of attempts to make clones fail, even with extensive veterinary intervention.
- Various animal species have been cloned including mice, carp, tadpoles, sheep, dogs, wolves, horse etc.
- In this process, Scientists pull out the DNA from an animal cell and insert it into the egg cell.
- Identical twins are a type of cloning process occurred naturally.
- The first dog to be cloned was named Snuppy, born in South Korea on April 24, 2005.