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Eagles – The Symbol of Pride in USA

Eagles Quiz
Eagles Quiz

Eagles are large birds of prey known for their impressive hunting skills. They have sharp beaks and powerful talons that enable them to catch and kill their prey. Eagles are also known for their exceptional eyesight, which allows them to spot prey from great distances. They build large nests called eyries in tall trees or on cliffs, where they raise their young. Eagles are symbols of strength and freedom in many cultures around the world.

Eagle Facts For Kids

  • Eagles are large, powerful birds.
  • They are birds of prey, also known as raptors.
  • Eagles have very sharp eyesight.
  • Their nests, called eyries, are very large.
  • Eagles mainly eat fish and small mammals.
  • The Bald Eagle is the U.S. national bird.
  • They have strong, hooked beaks.
  • Eagles can fly up to 30 mph.
  • There are over 60 different species.
  • Most eagles mate for life.

Birds of Prey

Eagles stand as one of the world’s most formidable birds of prey, captivating spectators with their extraordinary hunting prowess, sharp vision, and immense wingspan. Their ability to soar at altitudes of up to 10,000 feet, coupled with their razor-sharp eyesight, allows them to detect a rabbit from over a mile away.

Their talons exhibit remarkable strength, enabling them to seize and transport prey weighing up to four times their body weight. Representing the largest of their kind, the Steller’s Sea Eagle can display a wingspan stretching up to 8 feet. These awe-inspiring predators truly embody the majesty and power of the avian kingdom.

Bald Eagles

Native to North America, the Bald Eagle, an awe-inspiring species, is recognized for its unique white head and tail juxtaposed against its dark brown body. Despite their name, these birds aren’t bald; the term originates from ‘balde,’ an old English word meaning ‘white.’

Majestic and powerful, the Bald Eagle, one of the largest raptors in North America, boasts a wingspan of 8 feet, soars at speeds up to 30 mph, and dives at a staggering 100 mph. Their primary diet is fish, which they proficiently catch with sharp talons.

Their exceptional eyesight, four to eight times stronger than humans, contributes significantly to their hunting prowess. Bald Eagles are monogamous, mating for life, and construct massive nests, which can span up to 10 feet in width and weigh a hefty 2,000 pounds.

Golden Eagles

Golden Eagles, renowned for their strength and agility, are one of the most captivating bird species. They are among the largest and fastest raptors in North America, boasting wingspans of up to 7 feet and diving speeds of 200 miles per hour.

Notably, they possess exceptional eyesight, enabling them to spot prey from great distances. Their diet primarily consists of small mammals, such as rabbits and hares, although they are capable of hunting larger animals, including deer.

Their nests, often built on towering cliffs or in lofty trees, are known as eyries and can span up to 8 feet in width. While they may appear intimidating due to their size and power, Golden Eagles exhibit a deep sense of loyalty and partnership, often staying with their chosen mate for life.

Raptor Conservation

Eagles, often hailed as the ‘kings of the sky’, play a pivotal role in Raptor Conservation efforts due to their significant contribution to maintaining a balanced ecosystem. However, many species of these majestic birds are now facing threats resulting from habitat loss, pollution, and illegal hunting. To ensure their survival, which is integral to the overall health of our environment, conservation initiatives are being undertaken.

These include monitoring of eagle populations, safeguarding their habitats, and public education about the importance of these remarkable creatures. By ingraining the understanding of the eagle’s role in nature, we can inspire children to develop a lifelong passion for conservation and wildlife protection.


Ornithology, the scientific study of birds, offers intriguing enlightenment on eagles, making it particularly fascinating for kids. Eagles, as one of the most substantial birds of prey, are exemplified by the Steller’s Sea Eagle, known for its weight, and the Harpy Eagle, acclaimed for its body length.

Their distinct vision, about four to eight times sharper than humans, coupled with their robust, hooked beaks and powerful talons, make them formidable hunters. Interestingly, eagles are distinguished for their extraordinary nests or eyries, often located on towering cliffs or lofty trees, with a typical nest being wide enough for a human to recline in.

With over 60 diverse species primarily residing in Eurasia and Africa, eagles make an absorbing subject for aspiring ornithologists!


Birdwatching offers an exhilarating experience for children, particularly when they catch sight of an eagle majestically flying above. As some of the most formidable and largest birds globally, eagles possess superior eyesight, four to eight times better than humans, allowing them to detect prey such as rabbits or fish over a mile away.

With more than 60 eagle species found everywhere except Antarctica, the opportunity to spot one of these magnificent creatures is quite high. Eagles are also known for building their nests, or ‘eyries,’ in tall trees or high cliffs.

These nests can measure up to 8 feet across and weigh up to a ton, providing an intriguing fact for young birdwatchers. So, always keep your binoculars at hand, as you never know when you might spot an eagle!

Avian species

Eagles, a captivating member of the Avian species, offer a wealth of knowledge for children. With over 60 unique species across the globe, these birds are renowned for their exceptional size and hunting prowess.

Their eyesight is astoundingly sharp, 4-8 times stronger than a human’s, enabling them to detect prey from vast heights. Equipped with large forceful beaks and potent talons, eagles efficiently capture and consume their food. Contrary to many other birds, eagles construct their nests, termed as ‘eyries’, atop high cliffs or in lofty trees.

Certain species, such as the bald eagle, have been adopted as national emblems, like in the United States, symbolizing national pride.

Eagle Nesting

Eagles, renowned for constructing some of the world’s biggest bird nests, create these habitats known as eyries in lofty trees or atop high cliffs. The construction of these nests involves the use of sticks, branches, and other materials, resulting in dimensions that can span up to 8 feet in width and weigh as much as a ton.

Remarkably, these nests are reused annually, with eagles supplementing them with new materials each time they return, thereby expanding their size. Typically, the female eagle lays a pair of eggs which are then incubated alternately by both parents.

The offspring, referred to as eaglets, reside in the nest approximately 3 months prior to developing the ability to fly and subsequently embarking on their independent journeys.

Flight patterns

Eagles, as intriguing animals, are particularly admired for their extraordinary flight patterns. Known for reaching soaring altitudes up to 10,000 feet, they leverage upward streams of warm air, known as thermal convection currents, to glide without wing flapping for prolonged periods. This energy-efficient flight method enables them to conserve energy while covering vast distances.

Furthermore, eagles exhibit an exceptional ability to detect prey from substantial heights, diving rapidly to seize it. Their keen vision and quick agility categorize them among the most proficient predators within the avian community.


Eagles hold a significant place in the realm of falconry, a hunting sport that employs trained birds of prey. They are perceived as the most majestic, strongest, and largest birds to train, with the Golden Eagle being a favorite among seasoned falconers, due to its impressive wingspan of up to 7 feet and a weight reaching 15 pounds.

One of the eagle’s remarkable attributes is its superior eyesight, far surpassing that of humans, which enables them to detect small prey from a great distance. The training process for falconry eagles demands a considerable investment of time and patience, along with a deep understanding of the bird’s innate behaviors. Furthermore, it’s crucial to be aware that due to their protected status, the use of eagles in falconry often necessitates special permits in many locations.

A Bald Eagle Screaming Image - Science for Kids All About Eagles
All About Eagles: Over 60 species of eagles live on the earth and only two of them live in the United States. They mostly live in Eurasia and Africa.

The bald eagle, loved for its majestic appearance and flight, was common in America three hundred years ago. By the 20th century, it had been hunted almost to extinction. The bald eagle has been protected since 1967 and is slowly making a comeback – good news for a beloved American bird.

Eagle on its Nest Image
Eagles build huge nests out of sticks. They build their nests at the tops of tall trees or even on cliffs.

Fun Facts about Eagles for Kids

  • Eagles build huge nests out of sticks. They build their nests at the tops of tall trees or even on cliffs.
  • Bald eagles can be found in all 50 states, except Hawaii.
  • The bald eagle has a wingspan of over 6 feet.
  • Bald eagles are carnivores. They eat fish and dead animals. They like to grab food away from other birds and animals.
  • Even birds need to play sometimes. Bald eagles sometimes toss or pass sticks to each other in the air.
  • Golden eagles are expert hunters and can fly and dive quickly for prey.
Bald Eagle Eating Fish Image
Bald eagles are carnivores. They eat fish and dead animals. They like to grab food away from other birds and animals.

Eagle Vocabulary

  1. Symbol: something that means something else, such as an idea or picture
  2. Majestic: royal, strong, beautiful
  3. Appearance: physical image
  4. Wingspan: distance from one wing tip to the other
  5. Carnivore: meat eating animal
Golden Eagle Image
Golden eagles are expert hunters and can fly and dive quickly for prey.

Learn More All About Eagles

Seal of the USA President with the Bald Eagle Image
A congressional committee named the bald eagle as our national symbol in 1782.

Check out this cool video all about eagles:

A video documentary of monkey-eating eagles.

Eagle Q&A

Question: When was the bald eagle chosen as America’s national symbol?

Answer: A congressional committee named the bald eagle as our national symbol in 1782. During a Revolutionary War battle, several bald eagles flew above the fighting troops, circling and calling. Soldiers felt that the eagles were calling for freedom.


Question: Did all of congress agree with the decision to name the bald eagle the national symbol?

Answer: Benjamin Franklin objected. He felt that the bald eagle is a dishonest bird because it steals food from other animals.