Hatshepsut was the longest and second reigning female pharaoh of Kemet. She ruled for more than 20 years. Her name Hatshepsut means ‘Foremost of Noble Women’. She is also considered one of the most popular and successful Pharaohs of Kemet. She was the only child of King Thutmose I and his principal wife Ahmose born around 1508 BCE.
Her father died when she was 12 years old. Then she married Thutmose II, her half-brother from her father’s secondary wife Mutnofret. It was a part of the Egyptian custom in Royal families to marry their siblings or cousins to keep the bloodline pure.
Quick Facts: –
- She was a member of the eighteenth dynasty that ruled Egypt from 1543 to 1292 BCE.
- She had a daughter named Neferu-Ra with Thutmose II. He also had a son, Thutmose III with his secondary wife Isis.
- After the death of Thutmose II, she became regent because Thutmose III was too young to rule.
- After some time, she declared herself the fifth Pharaoh. She dressed in the traditional king’s clothing and crown.
- In many statues and paintings of the time, Hatshepsut was depicted as a male, even with a beard and large muscles.
- Senenmut was one of the most important advisors of Queen Hatshepsut. He is also believed to be his lover.
- Hatshepsut had one notable trading expedition to the land of Punt in the 9th year of reign. It is believed to lie in North Eastern Africa.
- Many monuments of Hatshepsut were destroyed by her successor and stepson Thutmose III.
- Her name was also erased from some of her monuments. Thutmose III wanted to clear all of the evidence of a female ruling the country from history.
- Hatshepsut undertook various building projects. The enormous memorial temple at Deir el-Bahri was one of them.
- This temple is also considered as an architectural wonder of ancient Egypt.
- She died around 1458 BC and buried in the Valley of the Kings in the hills behind Deir el-Bahri. The reason of her death is not confirmed.