Religions of the World

All about Religions of the World Fun Facts for Kids - Image of Crosses
All about Religions of the World Fun Facts for Kids - Image of Crosses

Since the beginning of time, people have wondered about the meaning of life and death. They have looked for ways to explain nature and the Earth.

People all over the world have developed their own religions to answer these questions. Each religion has its own set of beliefs and practices. For faithful followers, religious worship is very important.

Religions Of The World Facts For Kids

  • Christianity: Follows teachings of Jesus.
  • Islam: Believes in Allah and Prophet Muhammad.
  • Hinduism: Worships many gods.
  • Buddhism: Follows Buddha’s enlightenment.
  • Judaism: Believes in one God, Torah based.
  • Sikhism: Guru teachings, one God.
  • Bahá’í: Unity of all religions.
  • Jainism: Non-violence, karma belief.
  • Shinto: Worships kami spirits.
  • Taoism: Harmony with Tao, natural order.


Christianity, a globally dominant religion, has deep historical connections with numerous other spiritual beliefs and originated from the teachings of Jesus Christ in the 1st century AD. It has since evolved into several distinct sects, including Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Protestantism, each with unique doctrines and practices.

Its monotheistic belief in God aligns it with Judaism and Islam, but Christianity’s doctrine of the Holy Trinity distinguishes it. Another unique aspect of Christianity is the recognition of Jesus Christ as the Son of God, a belief contrasting with other religions that may view him as a prophet or not acknowledge him at all.

Despite these variances, Christianity promotes universal values such as love, kindness, and morality like other religions, fostering a sense of unity and shared human experience amidst global religious diversity.

Fun Facts for Kids All About Religions of the World - an Illustration of Moses with the Ten Commandments by Rembrandt


Islam, a significant religion with a broad spectrum of beliefs, traditions, and practices, holds a prominent position among the diverse world religions. Being the second largest religion worldwide, its influence permeates multiple cultures and societies.

The faith originated in Mecca in the 7th century CE, propagated by the Prophet Muhammad, and is fundamentally based on the teachings of the Holy Quran. The five pillars of Islam, namely Shahada (faith), Salah (prayer), Zakat (charity), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca), serve as a critical guide for the spiritual and practical lives of its followers.

Despite the apparent differences between Islam and other religions, shared aspects such as monotheism, moral responsibility, and the idea of an afterlife are common. These shared aspects render Islam not only as a unique faith but also as an integral part of the global religious thought and practice tapestry.


Hinduism, one of the world’s oldest religions, stands unique among global faiths due to its non-proselytizing character and the wide diversity in its beliefs, practices, and traditions. Originating from the Indian subcontinent, Hinduism is distinct from most religions as it lacks a single founder or a defined theological framework, with its teachings drawing from an intricate blend of texts, philosophies, and cultural norms.

Contrasting monotheistic faiths like Christianity, Islam, and Judaism that center on a single deity, Hinduism accommodates a pantheon of gods and goddesses. The religion’s distinctive emphasis on principles such as karma, the law of cause and effect, dharma, signifying duty, ethics, and obligations, and moksha, representing liberation from the birth and death cycle, provides a unique outlook on life and beyond, distinguishing it from other world religions.


World religions, each with their unique philosophies, principles, and teachings, guide their followers on spiritual journeys. One such religion, Buddhism, has profoundly influenced the globe since its origin in India over 2,500 years ago.

Differing from many religions, Buddhism does not prioritize deity worship, but rather emphasizes personal spiritual development and the pursuit of deep insight into life’s true nature. Guided by the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha, the religion is centered around the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, which direct followers towards wisdom, ethical conduct, and mental development.

By integrating philosophy, psychology, and spirituality, Buddhism offers a unique perspective on life and existence, thus making it an essential part of the diverse tapestry of world religions.


World religions display a rich diversity of beliefs, customs, and doctrines, with Judaism, one of the oldest monotheistic faiths, being a key thread linking many. It has profoundly impacted other major religions such as Christianity and Islam, both of which recognize their origins in the Abrahamic tradition.

The Jewish notion of ethical monotheism, or the belief in a single God who imparts moral laws for humanity, has been embraced in a variety of ways by numerous religions. Furthermore, fundamental Jewish ideals like the sanctity of life, justice, and compassion have reverberated across global religious thought. Despite the unique characteristics of each faith, the influence of Judaism underscores the interconnectedness of world religions.


Established in the 15th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, Sikhism, while one of the world’s younger faiths, nevertheless occupies a notable position among global religions. Its primary tenet is in a single, formless, eternal, omnipresent God, setting it apart from polytheistic faiths like Hinduism and contrasting it with the Abrahamic religions that envision God in a definite form.

Sikhism emphasizes principles of equality, selfless service, and social justice, mirroring elements seen in Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism, but it differentiates itself with its special focus on the oneness of God and humanity.

While it maintains a unique identity, Sikhism exemplifies the exchange and mutual influence of ideas among various religions, underscoring that despite differing practices and philosophies, many of the world’s religions often uphold shared ethical and moral values.

Bahá’í Faith

Established in 19th century Persia, the Bahá’í Faith upholds the notion of the interconnectedness and unity of all primary global religions as it embodies the belief in one God. It views the world’s religions as various chapters of a single divine religion, each embodying a shared spiritual truth.

It acknowledges the divine roots of several major religions including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism, and advocates progressive revelation, a concept that posits religious truth as being gradually revealed by divinely appointed messengers, each specifically tailored to the time and location of their emergence.

Consequently, the Bahá’í Faith provides a distinctive viewpoint on global religions, encouraging mutual respect, interfaith harmony, and understanding.


Originating concurrently with Hinduism and Buddhism, Jainism, despite its smaller following, has left a profound impact on global religious perspectives, underscoring the importance of non-violence, truth, and asceticism.

This ancient Indian religion promotes a path of peace and respect for all living beings by advocating for spiritual purity through disciplined self-denial. Such principles, deeply ingrained in Jainism, have influenced other religious philosophies across the world, emphasizing the universal interconnectedness of all beings.

Ahimsa, Jainism’s principle of respect for life, has permeated not just other Indian religions but also Western ideologies, highlighting its significant, albeit often unrecognized, role in shaping global religious outlooks.


Shinto, frequently viewed as Japan’s native spiritual belief system, occupies a unique niche among global religions due to its animistic and polytheistic nature. Unlike monotheistic faiths such as Christianity, Islam, or Judaism, Shinto acknowledges the presence of multiple ‘kami’ or deities residing in natural entities like trees, rivers, and mountains. Its uniqueness is further accentuated by its deviation from other polytheistic faiths such as Hinduism, primarily due to its absence of a standardized scripture, doctrine, or ethical code.

This inherent adaptability has facilitated Shinto’s peaceful coexistence and integration of elements from other religions, notably Buddhism, engendering a sophisticated blend of practices and beliefs. This highlights the interconnectedness of world religions, showing how they are not always mutually exclusive but frequently influence each other in a myriad of ways.


Originating from China, Taoism presents a unique approach to spirituality compared to other world religions, distinguishing itself by advocating for living in harmony with the Tao, the fundamental force underlying all existence. Rather than adhering to a specific deity or set of dogmatic beliefs, Taoism encourages its followers to forge their own understanding and alignment with the natural world and the cosmos.

This distinct perspective is a potent mix of philosophy, mysticism, and spiritual practices, offering a comprehensive viewpoint on the interconnectivity of all life and the crucial role of balance and harmony. The influence of Taoism transcends religious boundaries, permeating global culture, art, and philosophy.

All about Religions of the World Fun Facts for Kids - Religion Activities Around the World
All about Religions of the World Fun Facts for Kids – Religion Activities Around the World

The world religions can be divided into two groups – Eastern and Western faiths. The Eastern traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism began in India. Christianity, Judaism and Islam began in the Middle East. Other faiths spun off these main religions.


Fun Facts for Kids All About Religions of the World – an Illustration of Moses with the Ten Commandments by Rembrandt 

Science for Kids Website on Religions of the World - the Jewish Ceremonial Art Items of Judaism
Science for Kids Website on Religions of the World – the Jewish Ceremonial Art Items of Judaism


Islam also began in the Middle East and Muslims believe in only one God, Allah. Muslims follow many of the same prophets revered by Christians and Jews, including Abraham, but especially Mohammed, the last and greatest prophet. Mohammed wrote down the words of God in the Koran, The Muslim scriptures. After Mohammed’s death, the religion split into two separate sects – traditional Sunnis who live in most Islamic countries in the world, and the more radical Shi’ites, who are the majority in Iraq and Iran. Mecca, Mohammed’s birthplace in 570 AD, has become a sacred place to Muslims throughout the world.

All about Religions of the World for Kids - Muslim Men During Their Prayer in an Islam Mosque
All about Religions of the World for Kids – Muslim Men During Their Prayer in an Islam Mosque


Buddhism originated in India in the 6th century BC. Based on the teachings of Buddha, a prince known as “the Enlightened One,” Buddhism teaches that we suffer because of our desires. Once humans reach a point where they no longer desire things, they are free from suffering and enter a state of peace.

Fun Science for Kids All About Religions of the World - a Standing Buddha Statue at Tokyo
Fun Science for Kids All About Religions of the World – a Standing Buddha Statue at Tokyo


Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest religions, as well as the third largest religion. Originating in India in 1750 BC, Hinduism follows no specific set of scriptures. Hindus believe in many gods, and also believe that when people die, their souls are reborn in a new body.


A century ago, it was common for families in the United States to lose children or parents to early death. Today, this situation is rare in America, although it still happens regularly in other countries. Good healthcare is one reason people can expect to live longer. Most industrialized countries have adequate medical care, but there are still many challenges.

Fun Facts About the Religions of the World for Kids

  • Rich countries usually have one doctor for every 390 people. In poor parts of Africa, though, there is one doctor for every 50,000 people. Many people never see a doctor.
  • Vaccines help prevent life-threatening illnesses, such as mumps, polio, tetanus or whooping cough. In poor countries, though, children don’t always get the vaccines they need. Thousands of babies die every year from tetanus.
  • Researchers keep statistics on the ages of death for people all over the world. People living in countries with good medical care and a high standard of living usually live longer than people in poor countries. They are said to have a higher life expectancy.
  • Access to healthy food, including whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruit, is important for maintaining a healthy life.
  • Unclean water carries disease. Water treatment facilities can help keep people healthy.
  • Nurses and doctors teach people about how to stay healthy. Governments encourage people to quit smoking and exercise more.

All About Religions of the World Vocabulary

  1. Vaccine: medicine that prevents the development of a particular illness
  2. Tetanus: a serious disease caused by bacteria that live in manure, soil or dust
  3. Life expectancy: the average number of years people live in a specific place

About Religions of the World Video for Kids

Here’s a great video for kids on the religions of the world:

Religions Around the World Q&A

Question: Why are children in some countries healthier than others?

Answer: Unfortunately, it often comes down to money and resources. Stable, wealthy countries have access to fresh food, clean water and medical care that poor countries don’t have. Children in war-torn countries may not have homes or any clean water and food. Emergency agencies, such as the Red Cross do what they can to help.