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Anzac Day  

Anzac day is celebrated as the National Remembrance Day in Australia and New Zealand. This celebration honors all people from both the countries who have served or died in peacekeeping efforts, wars or some other sort of conflicts. Since the Gallipoli campaign of World War I, 25th April is celebrated as Anzac Day every year. ANZAC stands for ‘Australian and New Zealand Army Corps’.

The first ever official dawn ceremony was held in 1927 at the Sydney Cenotaph and the very first unofficial ceremony was held in 1923. It is a tradition to wear rosemary on this day in honor of those who have not returned from war.

 

Quick Facts: –

  • Although Anzac day has been celebrated since 1916 it did not become an official public holiday until 1927 in any of the two countries.
  • The last Australian survivor of the Battle of Gallipoli was Alec Campbell who passed away on May 16, 2002.
  • All the members of Anzac who fought were volunteers not soldiers.
  • The term ANZAC is protected under the Australian law. It cannot be misused.
  • At Gallipoli, more than 11,000 Anzacs died and over 23,500 were wounded.
  • Anzac Day was established on 25 April because it was the day when the Australian and New Zealand troops arrived on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915.
  • The place where the ANZACs landed at Gallipoli was renamed Anzac Cove.
  • The wives of the soldiers made ANZAC biscuits for their men. Those biscuits had a longer shelf life and didn’t spoil during the transportation.
  • The ANZACs fought for about 8 months at Gallipoli and suffered heavy losses. The troops left for the battle after 4 months of training in Egypt.
  • The acronym ANZAC was devised by Major General William Birdwood ‘s staff in Cairo in early 1915.

 

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