Sir Isaac Newton was a great scientist who influenced many others. He was born on December 25, 1642, in Lincolnshire, England. His father’s name was also Isaac Newton who died three months before his birth. He was a premature and unhealthy infant and was not believed to live for a long time. His mother remarried when he was 3 years old and went to live in a different village leaving him to live with his maternal grandmother. All these incidents made him insecure for the rest of his life. He was a polymath as he is also known as a mathematician and inventor.
Quick Facts: –
- He was born into a farming family. His mother insisted that he should become a farmer when he was 17 years old.
- He turned out to be a poor farmer and finally his uncle convinced his mother to send him to college.
- Newton was a deeply religious person but didn’t believe in Satan or Holy Trinity.
- Isaac Newton was very much into alchemy. Alchemy is a pseudoscience that deals with the study of converting lead and other base metals into gold.
- He was elected as a Member of Parliament in 1689 and served for exactly one year.
- Newton got a career boost from the Great Plague of 1665.
- He completed his bachelor’s degree at Cambridge University’s Trinity College in the same year.
- In 1696, Isaac Newton was appointed Warden of the Royal Mint and became master three years later.
- He is best known for defining three laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also introduced the theory of gravity.
- In mathematics, Newton invented a whole new type which he called ‘fluxion’. This is known as calculus today.
- On March 31, 1727, Isaac Newton died in London, England.