The Bunker Hill Monument was the first public obelisk in the United States. It was erected in commemoration of the Bunker Hill Battle. The battle was fought on June 17, 1775. It was one of the first major engagements between British soldiers and American patriots during the Revolutionary War.
The monument is situated on Breed’s Hill, Charlestown, Massachusetts. The construction started in 1827 but it was halted because the supporters of the project kept running out of funds. The work of this 221 feet granite monument was not completed until 1843.
Quick Facts: –
- During this battle, New England soldiers faced the British army for the first time in a pitched battle.
- The Bunker Hill Monument Association reviewed more than 50 submissions and then determined that obelisk is the most favourable design.
- In 1825, the association purchased approximately 15 acres land on the Breed’s Hill for the monument construction.
- Due to depletion of funds, the committee had to sell 10 acres of land around the monument site.
- The monument was designated as a National historic landmark in 1961.
- In 1976, the Bunker Hill Monument became a part of the Boston National Historic Park.
- This monument is also a stop on the famous Freedom Trail.
- The granite used to erect the monument was quarried in nearby Quincy. It comprises of 6,700 tons of granite.
- There is an observation deck at the top of the monument that provides a bird’s eye view of Charlestown and Boston.