Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first mission to the moon. It was launched successfully on October 22, 2008 at the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. This spacecraft was launched to explore the Moon and under the control of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
This mission lasted for 312 days and in this duration, it mapped approximately 95 percent of the moon’s surface. The radio signals were lost on August 29, 2009.
Quick Facts: –
- The Chandrayaan-1 was about the size of a refrigerator, weighing about 525 kilograms without fuel.
- This spacecraft was powered by a solar array that charged lithium-ion batteries on board.
- The word ‘Chandrayaan’ has been derived from ancient Sanskrit which means ‘Moon Craft’.
- This lunar space probe is well known to have found water on the moon’s surface.
- This satellite’s design is based on ISRO’s meteorological satellite which was launched in 2002.
- This mission is aimed at high-resolution remote sensing of the moon in visible, near infrared, low energy X-rays and high-energy X-ray regions.
- It also detected evidence of a hydrogen-oxygen chemical bond, the lunar water and examined radioactive elements on the surface.
- This mission was originally planned to last two years but the controllers permanently lost communication with the spacecraft after 312 days.
- This spacecraft crashed because of very high radiation and failed power-supply.
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