# Density

Let’s say you have a brick and a piece of Styrofoam that are exactly the same size. Which one weighs more? Chances are, you said the brick weighs more but do you know why? It’s all about density.

Fun Facts

• The density of an object is determined by two things: the mass of the molecules in the object, and how tightly packed the atoms are together.
• A brick has high density because it is made from molecules that have a lot of mass. The atoms are packed closely together.
• Styrofoam is low density. The molecules in Styrofoam don’t have a lot of mass. The atoms are loosely packed with lots of holes and air between them.
• Density and buoyancy are interconnected. Which object is likely to float, the brick or the Styrofoam? You’re right if you guessed the Styrofoam. Low density objects will float on a material that is higher in density (such as water).
• Think of other materials that are low or high density. Wood, cork, and sponges are all low-density materials. So are most natural materials, such as pumpkins, peppers, or pine cones. Cement, metal, and glass are high-density materials.

Vocabulary

1. Density: refers to the mass of the molecules in a material and how tightly the atoms in the material are packed together
2. Low-density: materials containing molecules with less mass and atoms that are loosely packed
3. High-density: materials containing molecules with more mass and atoms that are tightly packed