Francis Crick was a British Biophysicist who is responsible for discovering the double-helix structure of the DNA strand, along with James Watson. He also helped develop radar and magnetic mines during World War II.
His complete name was Francis Harry Compton Crick. He was born to Harry Crick and Annie Elizabeth Wilkins on June 8th 1916 in Northampton, England. He attended University College London and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1937. Work on an advanced degree was halted by the coming of World War II.
Quick Facts: –
- Francis Crick received the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with James Watson and Maurice Wilkins.
- His Ph.D. project on measuring viscosity of water at high temperatures was ruined when a World War II bomb fell on his apparatus.
- He joined the Medical Research Unit at Cavendish Laboratory under the general direction of Nobel Prize winner Sir Lawrence Bragg in 1949.
- Crick received the Award of Merit of the Gairdner Foundation in 1962 for outstanding discoveries or contributions to medical science.
- In 1962 he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
- In the same year he also became director of Cambridge University’s Molecular Biology Laboratory.
- From 1977 until his death, Crick held the position of distinguished professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, California.
- Francis Crick died on July 28, 2004, in La Jolla, California.