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Gabon lies in Western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean, neighbored by Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. The country was colonized by France in 1839 and gained its independence in 1960. Unlike other countries in Africa, Gabon has been mostly peaceful since then. Only three presidents have governed the people, as of 2014, and President Bongo held office for more than 40 years.

Oil refineries have brought income to the country, although only a few wealthy people see the money. Most people are poor farmers. Gabon has mountains and rainforests, filled with many animals, such as forest elephants and gorillas. Tourists come here to see the animals.

Fun Geography for Kids on Gabon – Flag of a Gabon

Fun Facts

  • 1.5 million people live in Gabon.
  • The country has 103,347 square miles of land.
  • The major languages include French and Bantu languages.
  • Christianity is the main religion.
  • The life expectancy in Gabon is 63 years.


  1. Colonize: to enter a country with settlers and take over
  2. Tourist: someone who visits another country for pleasure
  3. Income: money

Learn More

Head over to National Geographic to learn more about Gabon.

Extra Credit

Question: Does Gabon protect its wildlife?

Answer: At least 11 percent of the country is protected land. In 2002, Gabon created 13 new national parks.