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George Orwell  

George Orwell was one of the most famous English writers of his time. He is best known for his novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm. Nineteen Eighty-Four was a profound anti-utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule.

George was born as Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903 in Motihari, India. His father was a minor customs official in the opium department of the Indian Civil Service. George Orwell was his pen name as he didn’t feel the name Eric was suitable for a writer.

 

Quick Facts: –

  • Orwell also joined the Indian Imperial Police, receiving his training in Burma where he served from 1922 to 1927.
  • On January 1, 1928, he resigned from the imperial police and started shaping his character as a writer.
  • The first book of George Orwell was ‘Down and Out in Paris and London’. It was published in 1933.
  • George Orwell’s second book was Burmese Days. It was published in 1934 and was about British colonialism in India.
  • In 1936 George fought in the Spanish Civil War, and was shot in the arm and the throat.
  • He escaped Spain along with his wife Eileen before he was taken into custody.
  • He not only wrote about state surveillance, he experienced it. The Soviet Union had an undercover agent spying on him.
  • Two of Orwell’s books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four were made into movies.
  • He passed away on January 21, 1950 in London, England. He was 46 years old at that time.

 

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