George Washington Carver
George Washington Carver was a prominent African-American scientist and inventor. He is well known for his work with peanuts that gave him a nickname ‘the Peanut Man’. He did a lot of research into new and alternate uses for peanuts. He even delivered a speech before the Peanut Growers Association in 1920 promoting the wide potential of peanuts.
He was born into slavery in 1864 in Diamond Grove, Missouri. His master Moses Carver raised him after slavery was abolished and encouraged him to pursue education. George attended Iowa State Agricultural College and earned his B.S. He continued there until he received his master’s degree.
Quick Facts: –
- In 1890, George Washington Carver also studied piano and art in Iowa.
- Some of the peanut products he invented include clothing dye, car fuel, cooking oil, peanut butter etc.
- He also found many uses of sweet potatoes and soybeans.
- Carver was the first African-American to have a national park named after him.
- In 1916, he published a research paper titled, “How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of preparing it For Human Consumption.”
- He was interested in nature, even as a child and known as young ‘plant doctor’.
- Carver believed that peanuts could fight polio. He also started giving peanut oil massage to patients.
- He was considered an expert on agriculture around the world and advised on many important matters.
- Carver was also known as the ‘Wizard of Tuskegee’.
- George died on January 5, 1943, after falling down the stairs at his home.
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