“The highest glory of the American Revolution was this: it connected in one indissoluble bond the principles of civil government with the principles of Christianity.”
“If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more, and become more, you are a leader.”
John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the United States, was the son of John Adams, second Chief Executive. George Bush is the only other U.S. President to follow in his father’s footsteps to the Oval Office. John Quincy Adams gave his entire adult life to civil service. Before he became President, he had served as Minister to the Netherlands, Minister to Russia, Senator, and Secretary of State.
- John Quincy Adams was born in Braintree, Mass (now Quincy) on July 11, 1767.
- As a child, Adams watched the Battle of Bunker Hill from Penn’s Hill, near his family farm.
- Adams frequently traveled abroad with his father and became his father’s personal secretary in Europe.
- In 1797, Adams married Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams, who was born in Great Britain and raised mostly in France. Louisa was well-educated, high-spirited, and of strong opinions. She spoke out on both slavery and women’s rights.
- Adams graduated from Harvard University, becoming a lawyer before he entered politics.
- The Democratic-Republican party began to split during Adam’s presidency, leading to conflict and contention. Adams often felt unsupported. Newspapers wrote negative articles about him and Congress refused to support his decisions.
- Adams proposed a national system of roads and canals, which Congress refused to fund.
- Adams sometimes swam naked in the Potomac River during his Presidency. One time, his clothes were stolen and he had to send a boy to the White House for new clothes.
- After Adams’ term as President, he was elected to the House of Representatives. There he fought passionately to end slavery.
- On February 21, 1848, Adams had a stroke while working. He knew that he was gravely ill and asked to be moved to a nearby office so that he could die in the Capitol building.
Questions and Answers
Question: How many children did John Quincy Adams have?
Answer: John Quincy Adams had three sons and a daughter who died as a young child. His sons found their way into trouble and were often a cause of unhappiness for Adams and his wife.
Visit the home of both John Adams and John Quincy Adams.