Iguazu Falls, also known as Iguassu Falls are located on the Brazilian and Argentinean borders. The word Iguazu means ‘big water’. These falls are one of the most popular and beautiful falls in the world. These waterfalls are second to Victoria Falls in size. The best time to see the waterfall is during spring and fall.
The falls divide the Iguazu river into two parts: – the upper Iguazu and the lower Iguazu. The entire waterfall system consists of 275 falls along 2.7 kilometres. Spanish Conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca was the first European to find these falls in 1541.
Quick Facts: –
- The area is on the UNESCO world heritage site.
- These falls are taller than twice as wide as the Niagara Falls.
- There are over 2000 plant species in the rainforests around Iguazu Falls.
- The Argentinean side of Iguazu Falls is also accessible by boats.
- These falls sit on the largest underwater fresh water reservoir in the world, called the Guarani Aquifer.
- Two-third part of Iguazu Falls lies within Argentina.
- You can find opossums in the surrounding forest of Iguazu Falls. It is the only marsupial found outside of Australia.
- These falls formed as a result of a volcanic eruption. This eruption left a large crack in the earth.
- The highest fall in the waterfall system is 82 meters high.
- The rainy season occurs in between November and March.
- You can always spot a scenic rainbow there because of the refraction of light against the mist caused by thundering waters.